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Does your dog have heartworms?

Heartworm Medicine for Dogs

If you have a pet either cat or dog, you should have heard about heartworms from your veterinarian. It is preventable, but dangerous infection caused by the growth of parasitic worm in the chambers of dog heart as well as large blood vessels.

Without early detection of this infection, the parasitic worms can grow in the chambers of the heart to obstruct blood flow to the lungs and heart, which can lead to a serious health condition or even death of your lovely pet. For that reason, early detection and prevention are important as they will help to save your dog from death. Therefore, you have to take necessary steps to prevent and protect your dog from this disease with the help of heartworm medicine for dogs.

The discovery of heartworm for the dog was first made in 1856 on the southeast coast of the United States. Also, in 1920 another infection caused by a similar agent was discovered in the cat. Also, in 1847 dog parasite known as heartworm was discovered, but the publication of the report was not made until 1875. Dog heartworm is a parasitic roundworm that spreads to dogs and other animals through mosquitoes bite. Heartworm is a type of filarial which is a little threadlike worm that normally filariasis. The dog is the definite host for the disease.

History of Heartworm Medicine

Heartworm is a deadly disease that is always transmitted from mosquito to dogs, wolves, cats, foxes, coyotes and others. There are many drugs available from different pharmaceutical companies.  However, not all of them are carry FDA approval. Among other drugs, there are three most popular drugs you can easily get when you contact a veterinary doctor for treatment of your dog with heartworm. One of the first drugs produced for the treatment of heartworm in dogs is thromboembolism.  Another popular drug for treating heartworms is Melarsomine dihydrochloride.

This is an adulticidal drug produced on August 5, 2011, with Immiticide as the active ingredient by Marial. The Immiticide Sterile Powder contains 5.0 mg melarsomine dihydrochloride and 33.75mg of glycin USP.

Other Heartworm Medicines

Apart from the above-mentioned medicine for heartworm treatment for the dog, there are the other three that are still effective in the treatment. These are Milbemycin oxime, Selamecin and the imidacloprid-moxidectin. These medicines are effective in killing heartworm for dogs. You can get any of these medicines through your veterinary doctor.

Heartworm disease is always transmitted to dogs and other animals through a bite from an infected mosquito. The microfilaria is the small heartworm larvae, which usually circulates in the blood to feed on the infected host animal. According to the recent statistics, a heartworms average lifespan in dogs is between 5 to 7 years.  As for cats, heartwomrs normally last for about 2 to 3 years.

Also, almost 100% of dogs exposed to heartworm larvae, become a heartworm positive dog. But in the case of cats, the number reduced to 61%. Apart from dogs, there are more than 30 different animal species are vulnerable to heartworms.  They include wolves, foxes, coyotes and other canids.

The prevention of heartworm disease is known to be better and more effective than the treatment. This is because over 70% different mosquito species can transmit this parasite. Indeed, the heartworm medicine for the dog can truly be dangerous. In fact, according to recent research, more than 70% of dogs with heartworm do not survive the treatment. If you chose Arsenic-based medicine, the enormous "worm die-off" can result to serious respiratory failure or inflammation within the infected dog. That is why prevention is far better and safer than the cure.

The Importance of Heartworm Medicine

While preventive measures for heartworm infection in the dog is the best, the treatment is still of great important. Apart from the treatment of heartworm with arsenic-based medicine, there are many other treatment drugs your veterinarian can recommend.

Treatment for the heartworms normally takes up to 60 days and always consists of several antibiotic injections that can easily kill the worms. The online approved drug for treatment of dog heartworm by Food and Drug Administration is organic arsenical compound. The earlier you detect and treat heartworms with medicine, the more effective the treatment will be.

Prevention of heartworms with medicine is better and easier; while treatment is highly difficult and costly. So, it is of great importance for all dog owners to constantly take their dogs to the veterinary doctor for a heartworm checkup. This is due to the fact that early prevention of this parasitic worm disease is better and easier than cure. Also, early treatment using preventative drugs is less costly, and more effective. For that reason, if you want to ensure the overall health of your dog you should always go to your doctor for preventive measures or possibly heartworm medicine for dogs.  

Heartworm Prevention

The FDA approves the use of Ivermectin for the prevention of heartworm for dogs, in the United States. Other preventive drugs are Heartgard, Milbemycin, Iverhart, and other chewable tablets. In dogs, a positive ELISA test for heartworm antigen is a strong indication for the disease.

Nevertheless, the number of adult female worms determines the possibility of the positive antigen test. Dirofilaria minitis is among the species capable of causing infection in dogs and even in humans. The Dirofilaria tenuis is the parasite that causes the infection in raccoons.

What Are Heartworms